In the modern era, computer system is used in most aspects of life. You may use many different types of software on a computer system for particular applications ranging from simple document creation to space data processing. But, how does the Software is executed by the Computer Hardware? The answer to this basic question is contained in this Course. This course presents an overview of the Computer Organisation. After going through this course, you will not only acquire the conceptual framework of Computer Organisation and Architecture but also would be able to use the concepts in the domain of Personal Computers. In specific, you will be able to design Digital Circuits; describe the functions of various components of Computers and their construction; and write simple Assembly Programs.
The von Neumann Architecture Instruction Execution: An Example Instruction Cycle o Interrupts o Interrupts and Instruction Cycle Computers: Then and Now o The Beginning o First Generation Computers Second Generation Computers oThird Generation Computers oLater GenerationsUnit 2 : The Data Representation
Data Representation Number Systems Decimal Representation in Computers Alphanumeric Representation Data Representation For Computation o Fixed Point Representation Decimal Fixed Point Representation oFloating Point Representation Master Slave Flip Flops oEdge Triggered Flip-flops Sequential Circuit Design Examples of Sequential Circuits o Registers Counters – Asynchronous Counters oSynchronous Counters oRAM Design of a Sample Counter Error Detection And Correction CodesUnit 3 : Principles of Logic Circuits I
Logic Gates Logic Circuits Combinational Circuits Canonical and Standard Forms oMinimization of Gates Design of Combinational Circuits Examples of Logic Combinational Circuits o Adders o Decoders o Multiplexer o Encoder Programmable Logic Array oRead Only Memory ROMUnit 4: Principles of Logic Circuits I
Sequential Circuits: The Definition Flip Flops Basic Flip-Flops oExcitation Tables Partitioning & Formatting: FAT, Inode o Drive Cache o Hard Drive Interface: IDE, SCSI, EIDE, Ultra DMA & ATA/66 Removable Drives o Floppy Drives o CD-ROM & DVD-ROM Removable Storage Options Zip, Jaz & Other Cartridge Drives oRecordable CDs & DVDs oCD-R vs CD-RW oTape Backup
The Memory Hierarchy RAM, ROM, DRAM, Flash Memory Secondary Memory and Characteristics Hard Disk Drives Optical Memories CCDs, Bubble Memories RAID and its Levels The Concepts of High Speed Memories o Cache Memory Cache Organisation oMemory Interleaving oAssociative Memory Virtual Memory The Memory System of Micro-Computer SIMM, DIMM, etc., Memory Chips oSDRAM, RDRAM, Cache RAM Types of MemoryUnit 2 : The Input/Output System
Input / Output Devices or External or Peripheral Devices The Input Output Interface The Device Controllers and its Structure o Device Controller Structure of an Input /Output Interface Device Drivers Input Output Techniques o Programmed Input /Output o Interrupt-Driven Input /Output o Interrupt-Processing o DMA (Direct Memory Access) Input Output Processors External Communication InterfacesUnit 3 : Secondary Storage Techniques
Secondary Storage Systems Hard Drives Characteristics: Drive Speed, Access Time, Rotation Speed Partitioning & Formatting: FAT, Inode o Drive Cache o Hard Drive Interface: IDE, SCSI, EIDE, Ultra DMA & ATA/66 Removable Drives o Floppy Drives o CD-ROM & DVD-ROM Removable Storage Options Zip, Jaz & Other Cartridge Drives oRecordable CDs & DVDs oCD-R vs CD-RW oTape BackupUnit 4: I/O Technology
Keyboard Keyboard Layout oKeyboard Touch oKeyboard Technology Mouse Video Cards o Resolution Colour Depth oVideo Memory oRefresh Rates oGraphic Accelerators and 3-D Accelerators oVideo Card Interfaces Monitors Cathode Ray Tubes oShadow Mask oDot Pitch oMonitor Resolutions o DPI Interlacing oBandwidth Liquid Crystal Displays (LCD) Digital Camera Sound Cards Printers oClassification of Printers oPrint Resolutions oPrint Speed oPrint Quality oColour Management Modems Scanners o Resolution Dynamic Range/Colour Depth oSize and Speed oScanning Tips Power Supply SMPS (Switched Mode Power Supply)
Instruction Set Characteristics Instruction Set Design Considerations Operand Data Types oTypes of Instructions oNumber of Addresses in an Instruction Addressing Schemes Immediate Addressing oDirect Addressing oIndirect Addressing oRegister Addressing oRegister Indirect Addressing oIndexed Addressing Scheme oBase Register Addressing oRelative Addressing Scheme oStack Addressing Instruction Set and Format Design Issues o Instruction Length o Allocation of Bits Among Opcode and Operand o Variable Length of Instructions Example of Instruction FormatUnit 2 : Registers, Micro-Operations and Instruction Execution
Basic CPU Structure Register Organization Programmer Visible Registers oStatus and Control Registers General Registers in a Processor Micro-operation Concepts Register Transfer Micro-operations oArithmetic Micro-operations oLogic Micro-operations oShift Micro-operations Instruction Execution and Micro-operations Instruction PipeliningUnit 3 : ALU Organisation
ALU Organisation A Simple ALU Organization o A Sample ALU Design o Arithmetic ProcessorsUnit 4 : The Control Unit
The Control Unit The Hardwired Control Wilkes Control The Micro-Programmed Control The Micro-Instructions Types of Micro-Instructions o Control Memory Organisation o Micro-Instruction Formats The Execution of Micro-ProgramUnit 5 : Reduced Instruction Set Computer Architecture
Introduction to RISC o Importance of RISC Processors o Reasons for Increased Complexity o High Level Language Program Characteristics RISC Architecture The Use of Large Register File Comments on RISC RISC Pipelining
Microcomputer Architecture Structure of 8086 CPU The Bus Interface Unit oExecution Unit (EU) Register Set of 8086 Instruction Set of 8086 Data Transfer Instructions oArithmetic Instructions oBit Manipulation Instructions oProgram Execution Transfer Instructions oString Instructions oProcessor Control Instructions Addressing Modes Register Addressing Mode oImmediate Addressing Mode oDirect Addressing Mode oIndirect Addressing ModeUnit 2: Introduction to Assembly Language Programming
The Need and Use of the Assembly Language Assembly Program Execution An Assembly Program and its Components The Program Annotation oDirectives Input Output in Assembly Program o Interrupts DOS Function Calls (Using INT 21H) The Types of Assembly Programs o COM Programs How to Write Good Assembly ProgramsUnit 3: Assembly Language Programming (Part – I)
Simple Assembly Programs o Data Transfer o Simple Arithmetic Application Application Using Shift Operations oLarger of the Two Numbers Programming With Loops and Comparisons o Simple Program Loops Find the Largest and the Smallest Array Values Character Coded Data oCode Conversion Programming for Arithmetic and String Operations o String Processing o EXE Programs Some More Arithmetic ProblemsUnit 4 : Assembly Language Programming (Part – I)
Use of Arrays in Assembly Modular Programming o The stack o FAR and NEAR Procedures Parameter Passing in Procedures oExternal Procedures Interfacing Assembly Language Routines to High Level Language Programs o Simple Interfacing Interfacing Subroutines With Parameter Passing Interrupts Device Drivers in Assembly
Its the best computer training institute for those students who really want to do something in their life. The institute give its full support to build up student career successful.
Best Institute for those candidates who are looking to make their career in the field of Web/Graphic designing. Students are given online learning study material.
Wow! what a institute for AutoCAD 2D 3D and Interior Designing. I completed my course and got job in Laxmi Nagar.
One of the good thing about this academy is that students have the opportunity to work on live projects also, which is industry's current demand.
Awesome Graphic Designing training sessions. We are provided online LMS (learning study material) here for studying at home.
Attitude Tally Academy is not a place where we learn just tally we learn Web Designing, English Speaking, Tally and MS-Excel also. Attitude academy is enhancing our personality development skills too.
What I loved at your academy was your talented, skilled and excellent experienced trainers having brilliant knowledge discipline and punctuality.
Managed to get a professional IT job of 15k+ in Noida. One of the renowned institute in the whole Delhi/NCR.
WOW! What an institute for Graphic designing. I enjoyed it my friends. Now I creates very much innovative and creative designs using Photoshop.
Great sort of trainers that are frank too. Top class 100% Practical computer classes with Job guarantee. I have recently completed my AutoCAD course.
Hi, My name is Sumant. I am a student of Attitude Academy. I am Learning Advance MS Excel here. Teachers are very supported. Overall good experience here.
Attitude is one of the best institute at Yamuna Vihar and Uttam Nagar. I feel very lucky because all teachers are very good and teach us very well. You must be come here for your best future.
Complete C, C++, Java, PHP, Python, Data Structure, Dot Net, MySQL, JSP training classes is provided here.
I am very much impressed with the faculty, the way of teaching and the most important and impressive is the real time project work which is 100% practical.
Wonderful dresses I am stitching for myself, my family and the institute, after learning dress designing from this institute. So happy...
Very good computer institute from the faculty to the facility. Good interaction between students and trainer. Problems are listened and solved by the trainer immediately.
Best BCA, MCA, B.Tech & Computer Science coaching classes at this Yamuna vihar, Uttam nagar location in Delhi. I will recommend this to all students.
Best FD and DD, I am doing 6 months course from here, Anjali and Divya mam are best. Such an experienced and great faculty of fashion and dress designing here.
Mamta mam is best Tally GST Taxation trainer. Learning e-accounting in this institute in a better way.
I have Completed my Tally.ERP9 Course with good experience. And now I feel that I am very confident about my interview and job.
Attitude Academy have very talented faculty, the way they teach & guide us. After completing my Professional English Speaking classes, I am doing HR job in good company.
I have been a student of Attitude Academy. It is actually a good institute for learning all the computer training courses they are offering. I have done Web and Graphic Designing training under the guidance of Shiraz Sir.
Thanks to Leena Mam for Co-ordinating with me so much to get my first Job after completing my Basic Computer course from this institute. I am selected in Comhard Technologies PVT. LTD company.
Best fashion designing academy in Yamuna vihar, Uttam nagar and Delhi NCR for beginners and advanced learners.
Attitude Tally Academy is one of the best place to do practical and job-oriented training in Tally GST, TDS & e-Filing from the best trainers with good experience.
I wanted to make a career in Tally accounting. Attitude Academy helped me to become an Accounts expert within few weeks. Every rupee I spent on the course is worthy as I have gained better skills in e-Accounting.
Excellent teaching faculty for fashion designing! Very supportive. I love this attitude fashion academy service
Glowing institute of professional studies and is best for BCA and MCA level IT coaching... Thank you ATTITUDE IT ACADEMY.
Excellent way of training by trainers, simply superb! Overall supportive staff in institute & best placement team to serve you for your Job assistance.
It was really a good experience with Attitude Academy. They provided me a Very Good platform to learn and gain enough knowledge in Tally GST e-Accounting & Taxation Course.
Best institute for those candidates who are looking to make their career in the field of fashion/dress designing, Attitude Fashion Academy is the one of the best institute in Yamuna Vihar & Uttam Nagar.
Attitude Fashion Academy, Best in Fashion Designing and Dress Designing Training with 100% Job Assistant.
Attitude Academy supports those students who are using the Tally ERP software or have any problem related to Tally GST, e-Accounting. Definitely I will advice you to contact Attitude Academy for Tally support. Thanks.
I am very much satisfy from Attitude Academy support. This institute will support immediately even after office hours also. Thanks very much.
Attitude Tally Academy (ATA) is a very renowned and respected training institute in Yamuna Vihar and Uttam Nagar location in Delhi.
Here at Attitude Tally Academy, you meet all the kind and friendly people from students to trainers. You enjoy freedom to think, to express yourself and to succeed.
With the help of Attitude Academy, I have substantially improved my understanding of AutoCAD 3D's MAX Animation.
When I started thinking about Attitude Tally Academy, I wanted to find an internationally respected program that balanced Accounts theory with practical skills, and provided a knowledgeable, accessible faculty. Thank you Attitude Academy.
In order to get a first class training in Tally GST or e-Accounting, Attitude Academy is the most appropriate place to start!
I enjoyed studying at Attitude Academy as all of my teachers were great and helpful specially english speaking trainer Atish sir.
Joining Tally GST & e-Accounting course at Attitude Tally Academy has been one of my best decisions ever.
While studying at Attitude Academy, I grew as an individual, learning to interact and talk to people from different backgrounds.
I have always felt that I was so lucky to be a student at Attitude Tally Academy, and not at any other Academy. The thing I admire the most about Attitude Tally Academy is the support I received from everyone at the institute.
Institute's educational services are very good, Faculties are well qualified in this institute, I enjoys my course very much, Shiraz Sir is my trainer. He has good knowledge of Web, Graphic designing.
For me this institute was the best decision I ever made in my life because it combines knowledge, virtues and creativity. For students Attitude Academy is a very good platform for career.
A life changing experience. Attitude Academy A provides excellent opportunities to fresher. Those who want both good knowledge and good career in Accounts and IT sector must join this institute.
I had a great experience with ATTITUDE Academy all the staff of ATTITUDE was very helpful including teachers. I would like to thanks specially Turab sir and Kanchan mam for their great support and solving my queries whenever I have any.
I have had a great time here. Here I came to learn so many practical things here, first of all I would like to pay my thanks to Mr. Sachin Sharma for training us so well and for creating the spark in me.
Just a quick Note to say thanks ATTITUDE Academy. Here every staff and Teachers are very Co-operative with Students. I Would like to thanks Miss Mamta mam she is very kind person she taught me Accounting Skills.
I am proud to be a part of ATTITUDE Academy. I had a chance to do more practical things rather the just reading theory. Everybody here in ATTITUDE Academy are very helpful and I would like to thank Turab sir for being my great teacher.